Dependence of investment and quality of life - Investments

Murmansk pelagogichesky College

Department of Management and

marketing

Project

investment management:

"Dependence of investment and quality of life

the example of the Murmansk region. "

Passed the 2 - "B" Pavel Bystrov

Took: Dubatovka OV

Murmansk

2000

Table Of Contents.

......................................................................................................................................... 3

Substantive ......................................................................................................................... 4

Dynamics of the main indicators of investment activity ....................................... 4

Sources ........................................................................................................ 6

Place the Murmansk region in Russia's economy ............................................ ........................ 8

Dynamics of the main socio-economic indicators ............................................ . 9

Foreign ........................................................................................................... 13

Environmental ........................................................................................................ 14

Industrial production by industry .............................................. ............................... 14

Conclusions on .................................................................................................................. 16

Dynamics ................................................................................................................ 16

Dynamics of quality ......................................................................................................... 17

Introduction.

Investment activity is one of the most important elements of the economy in which there are significant changes. These changes are primarily sources of financing investment processes, areas of investment resources, the structure of investment by ownership. Transition problems combined with the crisis recession. And this crisis has significantly affected the investment sphere in Russia and in the Murmansk region.

The dynamics of the main indicators of investment activity for the period 1991 -1998 year. And the answer to the question: "How do the dynamics of investment processes in the region affects the quality of life of the population."

The main part. Dynamics of the main indicators of investment activity.

Table 1. "Fundamentals of investment performance."

Indicator billion. Rubles.

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Commissioning of fixed assets 1.1 16.9 106.1 515.1 1303.6 2273.1 2151.7

Investments in fixed assets 1.9 29.4 253.5 891.4 2049.3 1740.2 2041.3

Production purposes 1.2 17.7 145 550 1471.1 1363 1761.4

Non-production 0.7 11.7 108.5 341.4 578.2 377.2 279.9

Volume of contract work 0.7 18.2 188.2 506.3 1066.9 1085.7 944.3

The ratio of investment in fixed assets,%

Industrial purposes 63.16 60.20 57.20 61.70 71.79 78.32 86.29

Nonproductive 36.84 39.80 42.80 38.30 28.21 21.68 13.71

The main indicators of investment activity (Table 1) are fixed investment, the commissioning of fixed assets. Investments in fixed assets is the cost of new construction, reconstruction, expansion of investment and modernization of existing enterprises, the cost of social development. Commissioning of fixed assets - is the cost associated with an increase in their cost (the cost of the completed construction and put into operation of enterprises, buildings, equipment, machinery, vehicles of all kinds, and others.).

If we consider the investments in fixed assets in actual prices in a given year, then you can decide what is an increase in investment in fixed assets. But if you consider the dynamics at constant prices is to get the results shown in the diagram.

Diagram 1.

Thus, it is clear that the volume of investment in fixed assets from 1990 to 1997, has steadily decreased. Data are presented in Table 2

Table 2.

As% of the previous year:

Investments in fixed assets 70.6 85.7 74.4 74.3 88.4 50.5 95.4

Production purposes 83.3 91.4 67.2 80.2 96.6 55.8 105.3

Nonproductive 54.7 74.8 91 64.3 71 35.1 59.8

Volume of contract work 73.9 96.8 71.3 65.4 95 58.9 75.1

The dynamics of investment in fixed capital and production neproizvodstvenngo destination is shown in the diagram 2.

Diagram 2.

Reproduction structure of investment in fixed assets is presented in Table 3. A dynamic data is shown in Diagram 3.

Table 3. "Reproduction structure of investment in fixed assets for production facilities," a percentage of the total.

Indicator billion. Rubles.

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

Only

100

100

100

100

100

100

reconstruction and modernization of existing enterprises 58 70.9 51 63.2 57.2 64.1

expansion of existing assets 12.5 11.2 7.9 9.9 4.8 6

new construction 24.8 11 10.5 14.9 10.7 12.9

construction of detached objects related to the above areas 4.7 6.9 30.6 12 27.3 17

Charts 3.

According to the table 3 and digramm 3 can state that the redistribution of the investment structure. From 1991 to 1997 there was an increase of investments in technical re-equipment and construction of some, perhaps, auxiliary production facilities, there was also a reduction in new construction and expansion of existing assets (due to the fact that it is expensive).

Sources of funding.

Until 1991, the strategy of economic development of the Kola Peninsula in general and investment policy in particular, for decades of central planning was subordinated to the interests of the national economy. The state was the main investor in all areas of investment activity. The volume of capital investments in the Murmansk region from the budget until 1987 at least 70%, for example, in 1987 it amounted to 76.7%. Real opportunity to influence the investment policy in the Murmansk region were minimal. Now after getting independence in 1991 has been a redistribution of capital investments by source of financing in the direction of increasing the volume of extra-budgetary funds. For example in 1991 the ratio was as follows: 36.8% - budget, 63.2% - extrabudgetary funds. Data are presented in Table 4. Clearly the process represented in the diagram 4.

Diagram 4.

Table 4. "Investment in fixed capital by sources of financing."

Indicator billion. Rubles.

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Only

1.9

29.4

253.5

891.4

2049.3

1740.2

2041.3

budgetary funds

0.7

11.3

109.1

264.5

337.3

309.9

238.4

the federal budget on a returnable and irrevocable basis 0.6 9.1 76 197.6 256.7 265.1 186

local budget 0.1 2.2 33.1 66.9 80.6 44.8 52.4

extrabudgetary funds

1.2

18.1

144.4

626.9

1712

1430.3

1802.9

own funds 1.2 17 136.1 568.7 1460 1291.6 1235.9

profit ----- ----- ----- ----- 848.8 239.5 212.3

amortization ----- ----- ----- ----- 603 1044.7 1022.4

borrowings ----- ----- ----- ----- 12.4 5.7 422.2

raised funds ----- ----- ----- ----- 55.9 1.7 10.3

extrabudgetary funds 0 1.1 8.3 58.2 188.3 137.8 134.8

foreign investment ----- ----- ----- ----- 3.6 0.9 0.9

In% of total

1987

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

budgetary funds 76.7 36.8 38.4 43.0 29.7 16.5 17.8 11.7

the federal budget on a returnable and irrevocable basis 68.5 32.1 30.8 30 21.8 12.5 15.2 9.1

local budget 8.2 2.8 7.5 13 7.5 3.9 2.6 2.6

extrabudgetary funds 23.3 63.2 61.6 57.0 70.3 83.5 82.2 88.3

own funds 23.3 60.4 58 53.7 63.8 71.3 74.2 60.6

borrowings ----- ----- ----- ----- 0.6 0.3 20.7

raised funds ----- ----- ----- ----- 2.7 0.1 0.5

extrabudgetary funds 1.7 3.7 3.3 6.5 8.8 7.5 6.5

foreign investment ----- ----- ----- ----- 0.2 0.1 0

On increasing the autonomy of the region in making investment decisions says dynamics of the structure of investment by ownership (Table 5).

Table 5. "The structure of investment in fixed assets by ownership."

Indicator billion. Rubles.

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

Only

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

state

96.8

88.4

63.8

51

32.2

34.3

25.4

38.3

Federal 84.8 84.5 54.7 40.2 22.9 24.2 16.4 23.3

Subjects of the Russian Federation 12 3.9 8.7 10.8 9.3 10.1 9 15

Municipal

-----

4.7

6.7

2.7

2

1.8

2.1

4.2

associations

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.1

0

private

2.7

4

6

8.7

21.7

23.1

38.5

17.8

mixed Russian (without foreign participation)

0.4

2.6

21.8

37

43

39.9

32.6

34

mixed with the joint Russian and foreign participation

-----

-----

1.5

0.3

0.9

0.7

1.3

5.7

Place the Murmansk region in Russia's economy.

Facts redistribution of sources of investment activity, changes in its structure could not but affect the quality of life of the population and on the economy of the region as a whole. Let us follow the changes of the main socio-economic indicators in the region for the period 1994-1997, compared with other regions of Russia. Prior to 1990, the economic situation in the region is not much different from other parts of the Soviet Union, due to the fact that these processes have been "smoothed" at the state level due to the rigid tsentrazatsii management and resource allocation.

Table 6. "The place of the Murmansk region in Russia's economy."

Parameter name

1994

1995

1996

1997

Gross Regional Product (GRP) July 9 December 14

ROI 30 49 68 55

Investments in fixed capital per capita September 14 34 26

The birth rate (per 1,000 population) 61 62 51 54

The mortality rate (per 1,000 population) November 10 June 7

Cash income per capita July 8 July 7

Cash costs per capita 10 7 8 5

Per capita consumption

meat and meat products 75 74 74 74

milk and dairy products 75 78 78 76

fish and fish products on April 5 May 6

eggs 59 57 50 54

vegetable oil 76 68 14 16

vegetables and melons food 59 64 65 75

Dwelling houses per 1000 population 78 77 77 79

Number of recorded crimes per 1,000 population 58 61 64 66

Of physicians to population (the number of doctors per 10,000 population) 23 31 33 36

According to the table can be seen that in the Murmansk region there is deterioration in a number of parameters of socio-economic activities. According to the dynamics of GRP Murmansk region has moved from 7th to 14th place in terms of return on investment from the 30th to the 55th. Perhaps the latter fact is one of the reasons for the weak investor interest in our area. Deteriorated fertility, mortality. And in terms of the consumption of meat, milk, eggs, vegetables, commissioning zhidyh homes per 1000 population Murmansk region is one of the last places. The only pleasing factor - "the number of recorded crimes" - Murmansk region on the 66th!

The deteriorating situation, perhaps in part due to lower investment in fixed assets, as well as the slow pace of growth in industrial and livestock products. These facts are confirmed by the data in the table below.

Indicator

1981-1985

1986-1990

1991-1995

1996-1998

Industrial output 4.1 2.5 -8.6 -0.4

Production of major livestock products

meat (cattle for slaughter in live weight) 11.7 23.5 -13.1 9

milk 4 5.3 -19.1 -7.4

eggs 6.4 1.1 -11.6 -2.1

Investments in fixed assets 1.6 6.5 -21.1 -27.1

Dynamics of the main socio-economic indicators.

Now consider the dynamics of the main socio - economic development indicators of the Murmansk region (Table 7). After analyzing the figures we can talk about the deteriorating situation in the region. Since 1994 there is a growth of GRP in current prices, in comparable prices is likely to occur its decline. Seen changes in the structure of GRP in the direction of increasing the production of services. By the end of 1998 in the field of volume produced Murmasnkoy services became greater than the volume of goods produced. On the difficult situation also says the budget deficit. Happened profitability of products (from 23.4% in 1991 to 19.9 in 1998, and the level of profitability in 1997 - 6.4%). There was a reduction of volume of production of goods. A decrease of 5-13% annually. Significantly decreased the production of meat, milk and eggs. Compared to 1991. This decrease sostavilov meat production - by 4 times, milk - 3 times, eggs - by 1.5 times. Due to the lack of capital investment indicator "commissioning of the total housing area" compared with 1991 at the end of 1998 decreased by 20.02 times. This fact is partly explained by the redistribution of investment funds mainly towards extra. If the earlier order of the state, now is not building one. The dynamics of income and expenditure suggests that money most people basically just enough to live on, since income growth by year growth in spending is not only lagging behind but ahead of annual revenue growth. This can be seen in the table in the calculation of "performance indices to the previous year." Redistribution of investments in the form of property in the private sector and the mixed Russian affected the growth of paid services to the population. Recently still continuing their growth. All data presented below (Table 6).

Table 7. "The main socio-economic indicators."

Indicators billion. Rubles.

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

Gross regional product:

5870.5

14357.7

16435.1

18573.1

24711.4

production of goods

3203.6

7850

7530.4

8727.2

10241.3

production services:

2454.9

5810

8692.3

10083.2

13374

market services 1676.5 4695.4 6687 7674.2 10288.4

non-market services 778.4 1114.6 2005.3 2409 3085.6

Net taxes on products (less subsidies)

212

697.7

212.4

-236.5

1096.1

Surplus, deficit (-) of the consolidated budget 15 42 -159 -36 -183 -385 -12

Incomes of the population (1998 - mln. Rubles.) 8.8 76.4 981.7 3836.5 9339.7 13270.3 15988 19242.9

Money expenditures of population 7.1 49.8 739.8 2926.9 7333.7 10494.5 12870.6 15591.5

Industrial production 10.2 234.9 1463.6 4899.8 12276 13777.9 16629.3 17587

The level of profitability of products,% 23.4 62 32.2 17.7 21.1 3.1 6.4 19.9

The volume index of industrial proizvodsvta, in% of previous year 97 90.2 85.9 87.7 96.8 91.8 112.9 95.4

The share of the volume of products produced

enterprises of private sector 12.6 85.2 86.9 88.4 84.9 86.7 87.2

Consumer goods 2.1 48.3 334 989.4 2306.8 2429.2 2241.9 3280.2

Commissioning of fixed assets 1.1 16.9 106.1 515.1 1303.6 2273.1 2300.6

Commissioning of the total area of ??property 472.4 386.9 302.7 130.6 79.2 29.1 68 23.6

Production of major livestock products

meat (cattle and poultry for slaughter in live weight)

thous. tons. 32.1 27 24.8 22.6 17.6 11.6 8.7 7.9

Milk 77.5 64.6 52 37.2 28.4 20.7 21.2 22.6

eggs, mln. pcs. 247.7 224.3 216.2 176.3 153.8 125.6 146.6 144.4

Paid services 0.6 5.5 57.4 394.7 1298.1 2363.4 3057 3368.8

Indices indicators in% of previous year

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

GRP 240 114.5 113 133

Incomes of the population (1998 - mln. Rubles.) 210 870 12800 390 240 142.1 120.5 120.4

Money expenditures of population 200 700 14800 390 250 143.1 122.6 121.1

Industrial production 97 90.2 85.9 87.7 96.8 91.8 112.9 95.4

Consumer goods 79.1 92.9 80.2 97.2 85.6 85.9

Commissioning of fixed assets 77.5 70.9 78.5 82.7 103.8 85.7

Commissioning of the total area of ??property 81.6 81.9 78.2 43.1 60.7 85.9 42.7 81.3

Production of major livestock products

meat (cattle and poultry for slaughter in live weight)

thous. tons. 90.3 84.2 91.8 91 77.8 66 75.4 89.8

Milk 94.5 83.4 80.5 71.5 76.4 72.7 102.6 106.5

eggs, mln. pcs. 87.2 90.6 96.4 81.5 87.2 81.7 116.7 98.5

Paid services 81.2 75.4 50.4 36.2 101.3 101.2 98.5 97.7

If a closer look at the composition and the percentage of personal income, it can be seen in changes in the structure of cash income-spending. In monetary income inzmeneniya relate primarily to pay (sotsvaplaty) towards income from entrepreneurial activity and expenditure changes are cost increases on goods and services (with an increase in their prices) and an increase in household savings in foreign currency. Total expenditure from 1992 to 1998 increased from 65.2% of the total costs to 81%. Due to this, there is a reduction "of growth of money on their hands" and thus reduce the potential source of investment (savings of population in deposits and securities). All calculations are presented in Table 8.Tablitsa 8. "The composition and the percentage of income of the population"

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

Money incomes - total

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

pay, including social benefits 83.3 69.7 66.2 52.6 53 48.1 37.2

social transfers 10.7 10.3 12 11.4 12.5 12.7 9.9

property income 0.9 7.6 3 7.2 3.3 2.6 3.5

business income, other income 17 5.1 14.2 28.8 31.2 36.6 49.4

Cash expenditures - total

65.2

75.4

76.3

78.5

79.1

80.5

81

Purchase of goods and services 49.6 58.6 53.8 63.2 66.7 65.8 67.3

Compulsory payments and various fees 10.7 7.9 7.8 5.7 5.9 6.4 5.8

Savings in deposits and securities, purchase of currency, other expenses 4.8 8.9 14.7 9.6 6.5 8.3 7.9

Increase in cash on hand

34.9

24.6

23.7

21.5

20.9

19.5

19

In addition, a decrease in the purchasing power of the population. The data are presented in Table 9.Tablitsa 9. "The purchasing power of money incomes of population," pounds

Product

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Beef 71 24 28 41 47 66 76

Fish, frozen 290 22 61 75 88 101 99

Butter 62 14 31 27 30 42 49

Milk, l 1069 106 187 111 177 248 177

Eggs, pieces. 1435 649 1023 997 1095 1657 2170

Bread and bakery products 675 103 71 73 117 186 222

Figure 292 159 359 177 157 173 215

Potatoes 262 116 212 206 266 503 468

Cabbage 227 126 185 245 233 412 436

Vodka, l 33 9 18 35 36 30 31

In the dynamics of consumption of basic foodstuffs from 1952 to 1996 is not observed strong changes in consumption patterns: both ate in 1952, mainly bread, potatoes, fish, and to this day, eat mostly the same. The only thing there was some increase in consumption of fruit (before they just were not in such a quantity), eggs. Data are presented in Table 10.

Table 10. "Consumption of basic foodstuffs", the average per person per month kg.

Product

1952

1960

1970

1980

1990

1995

1996

Grain products 11.9 9.6 8.8 6.7 5.7 6.6 6.6

Potatoes 13.1 10.1 11.4 8.4 6.6 5.6 5.9

Fruits 2 3.2 5.5 4.8 4.7 3.7 3.2

Meat and meat products 3.6 5.9 7.9 6.8 6.7 5 4.3

Milk and dairy products 23.2 31.7 39.5 36.8 31.6 16.7 15.1

Fish and fish products 3.3 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.4 1.3 1.3

Eggs, pieces. 3 18 25 25 18 19 16

To the question: "How decrease investments and structural changes in fixed assets (and thus in the social sector) affected the dynamics of socio-cultural sphere?" Can be answered: "The most disgusting way." Dynamics of the annual input of student, preschool places, hospital beds, etc. says that if a state does not take care social sphere, then at the moment it has not been pozaotitsya one. Zero data input (and possibly reducing) student, hospital and other places speaks about it. Data are presented in Table 11.

Table 11. "The average annual commissioning of social and cultural sphere and housing at the expense of all sources of funding."

Years

Secondary schools, pupils

Kindergarten, places

Hospital beds

Outpatient polyclinics, per shift

Residential buildings, thousand sq. M. of the total area

1946-1950 1048 76 64 ----- 95.7

1951-1955 2184 432 79 189.5 -----

1956-1960 3621 2078 297 328.3 -----

1961-1965 6557 2784 299 360.7 -----

1966-1970 5700 3237 128 300 455.7

1971-1975 3444 2154 253 607 492

1976-1980 4127 2179 165 808 511.8

1981-1985 2902 2800 199 548 476.2

1986-1990 5768 2598 364 831 591.6

1991-1995 2177 551 157 289 274.4

1996 1296 330 650 68 -----

1997 ----- ----- ----- 100 29.1

Foreign investment.

Data on investment nostrannyh investors say while the low activity of the latter. From 1995 to 1998 the largest volume of investments was in 1996 (9.293 billion. Rub.), Almost 3 times less volume fell in 1998. Perdpochtenie in 1996-1997 was given to sectors: woodworking, pulp and paper, transportation and telecommunications, food industry, trade and catering, health care (dental care). In 1998, the investment structure are swept aside geology and exploration of mineral resources. Foreigners are attracted to the rich resources of the Kola Peninsula, and this is a positive trend in the development of investment relations with foreign investors. The distribution of foreign investments by sector in the table 12, and investor countries are shown in Table 13.

Table 12. "Distribution of foreign investment by industry sector."

Received investment, mln. Rub.

1995

1996

1997

1998

Sectors of the economy

Only

348

9293

4255

3182

iron and steel 58

woodworking and pulp and paper industry 1386 388 202

food industry 53 1043 565

transport and communications 7611 1995

trade and catering 178 71 43

logistics and marketing 762

general commercial activities to ensure

functioning of the market

geology and mineral prospecting 750 1553

Tourism July 1

science and scientific services

Table 13. "The distribution of foreign investment in the countries of investors."

Received investment, mln. Rub.

1995

1996

1997

1998

Investor countries

Only

348

9293

4255

3182

United Kingdom 42 762 1434

Germany 52 36

Netherlands

Norway 21 1386 399 1011

USA 60679

Finland 20 249 49

Switzerland 7354 1920

Sweden 263 160 70

Environmental protection.

Since our plants do not have sufficient funds for the purchase of new treatment facilities, most likely solution to this problem has not been without a foreign investor. Dynamics and tentative cost of foreign investors in fixed capital investment aimed at protecting the environment are presented in Table 14.

Table 14. "Investment in fixed assets aimed at environmental protection and rational use of natural resources."

Indicator billion. Rubles.

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998 mln. Rubles.

Investments in fixed assets at current prices, bln. Rubles. 0.1 0.8 7 19.8 29.1 20.6 46.4 116.8

Indices of investments in fixed capital (in constant prices) in% of previous year 77.9 76.7 80.6 59.8 56.2 42.1 190.9 2.3 times

Industrial production by industry.

From 1991 to 1998 there was a change in the structure of industrial production. These changes were influenced by the overall economic situation in the region and, in particular, under voiyaniem investment preferences of foreign and Russian investors. If in 1991 focused on the non-ferrous metallurgy, chemical and food industries, in 1998 resources were invested in elekroenergetiku increased their share of non-ferrous metals (rich resursya Kola Peninsula), the chemical industry. The share of investment in the food industry decreased from 30.4% in 1991 to 17.1% in 1998. Data on changes in the industries under the influence of investments and their interest dynamics are shown in Tables 15 and 16.

Table 15. "The percentage of industrial output by industry"

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

Industry (% of total)

Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

electricity 6.9 8.3 13.1 19.8 19.6 23.7 24 22.5

ferrous metals 4.9 5.1 7.3 8 6.7 7.7 8 9.9

non-ferrous metals 27.5 45.9 36.1 32.9 35.8 28.7 35.9 32.6

Chemical 9.8 7.9 8.2 8.8 10.3 11.1 11 10.9

engineering and metalworking 8.8 4.1 5.6 5 4.9 7.2 4.8 3.9

timber, woodworking and pulp and paper 2 1.4 1 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.4

building materials 3.9 2.1 2.6 1.8 1.6 1.2 1.2 1

Food 30.4 23.2 24.3 22.5 19.2 18.1 13.3 17.1

Other 5.8 2 1.8 0.6 1.3 1.9 1.5 1.7

Table 16. "Volume indices of industrial production by industry", in% of previous year

Industries

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

Total 97 90.2 85.9 87.7 96.8 91.8 112.9 95.4

electricity 99.1 97.3 98.6 82.8 108.8 95.6 104.1 99.7

iron and steel 97.6 95.4 89.9 93.4 96.8 90.6 106.8 95

non-ferrous metals 94.8 83.1 82.8 93.4 100.8 90.2 145.6 98.3

Chemical 82.3 114 74.6 81.3 111.1 97.3 115.1 99.9

engineering and metalworking 119.2 103.8 105.4 82.8 85.9 68.2 83.7 97.6

timber, woodworking and pulp and paper 96.6 113.3 74.6 47.7 79.9 62.7 71.8 93.9

building materials 135.1 70.7 76.7 39.8 82.3 54.7 79.8 82

Food 94.5 90.9 87 99.1 80.5 99.4 86.1 85.2

Conclusions on the job.

Investments have a direct impact on the quality of life of the population dynamics and basic socio-economic pokazateley.Dinamika investment.

The main influence on the socio-economic performance of the region currently has investments in fixed assets. The dynamics of this process is shown again below. Dynamics of other sources of investment is shown in the table, but due to the fact that there are only data on actual cash resources at a given time (disparate data) it is difficult to draw a graph that takes into account changes in investments from all possible and potential (accumulation of the population) istonikov investment resources .

Indicator billion. Rubles.

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Investments in fixed assets 1.9 29.4 253.5 891.4 2049.3 1740.2 2041.3

Credit investments in the economy 3.5 95.5 468.4 1042.2 2145.3 -33.2 700

Profits of enterprises and organizations of the region 2.8 19.5 332.9 404.7 848.8 239.5 212.3

Depreciation of fixed assets 0.71 3.8 18.3 401.9 603 1044.7 1022.4

Household savings deposits and securities 1.3 2.6 70.4 374.8 595.9 547 812.6

Foreign investment 348 9293 4255

Total investments 10.21 150.8 1143.5 3115 6590.33 12831.2 9043.6

Dynamics of quality of life.

Key indicators that are used to plot the "quality of life" are given in the table below. Graph is constructed as follows. Were selected main indicators that determine the quality of life of the population. Indicators were not given weight because it implies the equivalence of their impact on quality of life. Further, each indicator was assessed by year using the following system:

If not observed growth or fall of the value parameters in comparable prices, the value of the index over the data set to one;

If the indicator is changed Grades 1 to 7 (7 years: from 1991 to 1997). If 1, the lowest QUALITY, if 7 is high quality. And if the index had a strong negative impact NAA quality of life, then it is assigned a minus (-).

The diagram shows the relationship 5 quality of life for the period 1991-1997 year of investment. All The calculated data are presented in Table 17.

Table 17. "The calculation of the" quality of life "for years.

Indicator of quality of life

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Gross Regional Product 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Cash income per capita 3 2 2 1 1 1 1

Cash costs per capita 3 2 2 1 1 1 1

Per capita consumption

meat and meat products 3 3 2 2 1 1 1

milk and milk products 7 6 5 4 4 3 3

fish and fish products 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

eggs 5 4 4 4 3 3 2

vegetable oil 3 3 3 2 2 3 2

vegetables and melons food 3 3 3 2 2 3 3

Number of recorded crimes per 1,000 population 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Products industry 3 3 2 2 1 1, -1

Production of major livestock products

meat (cattle for slaughter in live weight) 3 3 2 2 1 1 -1

milk 3 3 2 2 1 1 -1

eggs 3 3 2 2 1 -1 -1

Consumer goods 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Commissioning of housing area 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Paid services 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Environmental Protection 1 1 1 1 5 6 7

Commissioning of the socio-cultural sphere 3 2 1 1 -1 -1 -1

TOTAL 68 60 50 42 35 32 22

Chart 5.

A number of factors contributing to the crisis investing activities:

1. increases the cost of factors of production, causes an increase in investment costs in connection with the climatic conditions of the Far North;

2. The predominance of capital-intensive industries based on the extraction and primary processing of natural resources;

3. The orientation of the majority of enterprises to the growing needs in the past in their products extensively developing economy and MIC-union and a sharp change in the situation after the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the acquisition of the area since 1991 independence in solving economic problems.


  












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