Windows - Informatics

OGLAVLENIE

VVEDENIE

HISTORY SOZDANIYA MICROSOFT WINDOWS

OVERVIEW OSNOVNH PRINTSIPOV ORGANIZATIONS INTERFACE IN THE WINDOWS

Apparatno-nezavisimy graficheskiy interface (GDI

Standartny definitive orientirovanny-interface

Okno

Piktogramm

Menu

Polos prokrutki

Kursor

Carriage

Block dialogue

Mechanisms soobshteniy

GRAFICHESKIH INTERFACE DEVICES (GDI

GDI devices

Logical obyekt GDI graphics

Background devices

Osnovne atribut light devices

Pererisovka areas and image pikseley

Risovanie-lines

Risovanie zakrashennh Figure

Vvod text

LEMENT OKONNOGO INTERFACE ............................

Oknata Windows ............................................. 20

Glavnoe Okno applications ...............................

Registration Klassa Oknata ...............................

Function Oknata applications ...............................

Creation of a small Oknata .........................................

Tracking displays and renewal Oknata .........................

Tip Oknata .............................................

Construction menu ..........................................

Definition menu ......................................

Obyekt dialogue ..........................................

Sod and pereklyuchateli ................................

Staticheskie obyekt dialogue ...........................

Editor ..............................................

Okno spisok ...........................................

Kombinirovanny spisok ................................

EXCHANGE BETWEEN DANNMI PRILOZHENIYAMI ............................

Means exchanges between dannmi prilozheniyami ...............

Dinamicheskiy exchange between prilozheniyami ....................

Osnovne termin ......................................

Neskolyko Words o DDEML ................................

Vzaimosvyazy between klientom and serverom .................

Transactions function obratnogo vzova DDE ..............

Vspomogatelyne names and names Others ...............

Sistemny mode .......................................

Initialization .........................................

Basicity placement and functions obratnogo vzova.

Processing strok .......................................

Dialogue between prilozheniyami .............................

Simplicity Dialogue ........................................

Slozhny dialogue ........................................

Dannmi exchange between prilozheniyami ......................

Klass tranzaktsiy .....................................

Definition oshibok ....................................

Spisok literatur ........................................

VVEDENIE

Dlya ffektivnoy rabot sistem and ff bolyshogo

pokupatelyskogo sprosa nedostatochno tolyko Togo chtob and instruments The programm obespechivali pravilyne rezulytat - not me vazhnm faktorom yavlyaetsya convenience rabot polyzovatelya. Potomu presents, in our time Odin programmny product lishenny me sick udobnogo interface interactions with polyzovatelya kompyyuterom and Program for between Sobota, you rasschitvaty success.

Receive developed immensity amount razlichnh System podderzhki sozdaniya polyzovatelyskogo interface. Naibolee progressivnomu in nashemu mneniyu, yavlyayutsya obyektnoorietirovannaya system companies of Borland Turbo Vision and operatsionnaya Windows environment companies of Microsoft. Rassmotreniem vozmozhnostey sistem Turbo Vision zanimalasy in its work Fomicheva T.L. and in predstavlennoy work proizvoditsya izuchenie and review funds management services in vhodyashtih operatsionnoy sred Windows.

Toth wrote kto hotya b odnu kommercheskuyu programmu it knows skolyko time and OIB uhodit of organizatsiyu menu and vrabotku edinogo, neprotivorechivogo, intuitive and yasnogo udobnogo polyzovatelyskogo interface. Interface razrabotanny korporatsiey Microsoft yavlyaetsya odnim around luchshih and Stahl svoeobraznm talonom dlya imitations.

In Microsoft Windows programmistu dostupna claimed in any moshty togo interface - on izbavlyaetsya of necessities organizovvaty menu for Work with klaviaturoy and mshyyu (dostatochno vospolyzovatysya standartnmi sredstvami). Interface polyzovatelem Windows yavlyaetsya polnm and tselynm. The network reshen not tolyko problem organizations menu, but still fellowship with polyzovatelem organizovano standartnmi sredstvami.

HISTORY SOZDANIYA MICROSOFT WINDOWS

Microsoft Corporation obayavila o Start developments graficheskoy operatsionnoy obolochki noyabrya Windows 10 Year 1983, hotya eshte concession in 1982 Year programmist Microsoft Home sozdavaty universalyny set graficheskih procedures nazvanny graphical Interfeysom with Kompyyuterom (CGI).

Pervonachalyno predpolagalosy, Chto how CGI set procedures awake postavlyatysya kompilyatorami with Microsoft, enabling Developer Program for vvodity grafiku of same razlichne tip printerov. Programmist could b ispolyzovaty in its Program for functions CGI, kotore zatem perevodilisy b in komand nuzhnogo type printer.

Vskore then beginning working over CGI Microsoft Corporation razvernula rabot in sozdaniyu graficheskoy operatsionnoy sred dlya kompyyuterov with MS-DOS. Creation of a small taco obolochki blo inspirirovano neozhidannm interesom polyzovateley IBM sovmestimh kompyyuterov k obayavleniyu korporatsiey VISICorp o Start working on mnogookonnoy operatsionnnoy obolochkoy VisiOn. Takima obrazom, try dobraya competition piece rates its case - in fevrale 1983 Year Stahl clear Chto Microsoft sozdast svoyu sobstvennuyu obolochku Windows.

Hotya mnogie peculiarities and properties Windows kardinalyno izmenilisy in posleduyushtem, nekotore positions bli yasn met on a basis. Windows Dolj bty multitasking, ie Dolj pozvolyaty zapuskaty neskolyko Program for odnovremenno. Windows Dolj rabotaty pm almighty tipami displeev and printerov. And poskolyku polyzovatelyu ocheny difficult otkazatysya of privchnh programmnh tool, Windows Dolj pozvolyaty zapuskaty applications MS-DOS. Poslednyaya Celje nastolyko okazalasy difficulty in selling, Chto zaderzhala vesy project mnogie mesyats.

Task okazalosy not around prosth. Typicality mashinoy bl kompyyuter pm sravnitelyno medlennm protsessorom 8088 and operability pamyatyyu 64Kb. Esli uchesty, Chto MS-DOS nakladvaet printsipialynoe restriction operability Pamina in 640Kb and in honor of kompyyuterov Macintosh, not obespechivaet programmnoapparatnuyu podderzhku graphics development multitasking graficheskoy operatsionnoy obolochki ugly vrasti in nerazreshimuyu zadachu. Odnako razvernula rabot Microsoft over Windows polnm walk. K overshadow 1983 Year razrabotkoy Windows blo crafts uzhe 15 vsokokvalifitsirovannh programmistov, privlechennh k proektu around razlichnh filialov Microsoft. Mnogie companies of its seconded spetsialistov dlya odnovremennogo participating in the project.

Kogda rabot over CGI pereshli in fazu testirovaniya, to not bl uzhe samostoyatelyny product. CGI bl peremenovan in GDI (the Graphics Device Interface - "Interface with graficheskimi Ustroystvami") and Stahl chastyyu Windows, vklyuchiv in sebya protsedur rabot not tolyko with printerom but with displeem. Dlya togo in CGI bli dobavlen functions obespechivayushtie podderzhku typographic-izdatelyskih osobennostey working with tekstami and protsedur manipulirovaniya graficheskimi obaektami.

In presentations pervogo versions Windows blo promised Chto kommercheskaya sale nachnetsya Mae 1984. Vesnoy 1984 Year date basis sales bla otodvinuta of noyabry. In noyabre ta date bla perenesena of iyuny Year 1985. Odnako Korobko with Windows poyavilisy in the shops tolyko 18 noyabrya Year 1985.

Neskolyko faktorov adduced k stoly znachitelynm

zaderzhkam. Odnako glavnuyu Role of sgralo reluctance Microsoft

vhodity of rnok with srm produktom. In fevrale Year 1984 head

Microsoft Corporation Billa Gates (Bill Gates) held a seminar

of kotorom provided Software Development Kit (SDK), package

dlya written application under Windows, prodemonstrirovav NEN

seats, predlagaeme programmistu on Windows.

SDK produced horoshee impression and k iyunyu 1984 Year blo sold almost 100 copies. Fied rabotaty under Windows, programmist prislali in Microsoft own zamechaniya, zastavlyaya razrabotchikov eshte and eshte otshlifovvaty Windows, alleviating

napisanie application. Bl replaced Tongue on kotorom sozdavalsya

Windows (snachala to bl Microsoft Pascal, zatem Lattice C and,

nakonets, Microsoft C Compiler). Orientation of Microsoft C

Compiler takzhe bla odnoy through reason zaderzhki work over

proektom, potomu, Chto alone kompilyator not bl gotovm produktom

and constantly sovershenstvovalsya.

Odnako, nesmotrya of it, Chto in noyabre Year 1985 has Windows gf vshel of prilavki magazinov, over two-Chron (with 1985 in 1987) Windows had not bolyshogo influences rnok programmnogo obespecheniya and Stahl alyternativoy MS-DOS, Microsoft how nadeyalsya . Bolshoi polyzovateley number (51%) purchase Windows is not due sozdannh dlya his application (kotorh blo ocheny Younger in sravneniyu with obchnmi programmami under MS-DOS) or graficheskogo interface, dlya Togo chtob imety vozmozhnosty bystro! Pereklyuchatysya with odnogo DOS applications of otherness.

With 1987 Year menyatysya situation basis. Home poyavlyatysya moshtne and izvestne applications perepisanne dlya rabot on Windows. Seychas ble nazvaty Taki Food and how Page Maker on Windows, ocheny moshtnaya lektronnaya table Excel, Windows Graph, Word for Windows and mnogie Others.

With vhodom tretey Windows versions Stahl clear Chto Windows does not just zavoyuet rigidity place of rnke programmnogo obespecheniya but become osnovoy strategicheskoy policies in Microsoft sozdanii programmnogo obespecheniya. Windows 3.0 produced nastoyashtiy furor facilities provide sovershenno potryasayushtuyu grafiku and New, neozhidanne seats.

In iyule Year 1990 "PC Magazine" advertizes statyyu o new versions of Windows 3.0, in kotoroy otmechalosy, Chto Microsoft Windows prevratilsya in blestyashtuyu mnogozadachnuyu operatsionnuyu sistemu, kotoroy eshte ptaetsya staty OS / 2. How and has programmne Food and Microsoft, Windows versions perve not opravdvali reliability nesmotrya of it, Chto vhodili pm znachitelynmi zaderzhkami but svoem poslednem option ostavlyayut konkurentov far Posada, Sardinia.

OVERVIEW OSNOVNH PRINTSIPOV ORGANIZATIONS

INTERFACE IN WINDOWS

Dlya ponimaniya printsipov organizations interface Windows necessary imety performance vol osnovnh ego lementah on kotorh built works Completion Program for interaction and programm and polyzovatelya. Vesy interface of Windows osnovvaetsya Trejo China:

- Apparatno-Nezavisimaya graphics;

- Standartny definitive orientirovanny-interface;

- Interaction with application sistemoy between Windows and Sobol by peredachi soobshteniy;

Danne lement sistem Windows samm tesnm obrazom svyazan between Sobol instead obrazuyut tselostnuyu sistemu and otdelynoe rassmotrenie kazhdogo around NFI in otrve of Others not imeet smsla. Perechislenne vshe lement sistem Windows rattled awake rassmotren disease in detail, and the call in short ostanovimsya Tom Chto ones around sebya predstavlyayut.

Apparatno-nezavisimy graficheskiy interface (GDI)

Luba dlya Program for Windows can vpolnyaty vvod Lubo device pomoshtyyu odnogo and Togo gf set vzvaemh podprogramm. Prichem dlya Windows applications more devices vglyadyat odinakovo and programmistu not need zaboditsya vol upravlenii konkretnm ustroystvom nizkom of Ur.

Kazhdoe imeet a device driver for otvechayushtiy fakticheskoe works Completion graficheskogo vvoda. Dlya device kotorm in tom need Help, GDI obespechivaet programmnuyu mulyatsiyu, ispolyzuyushtuyu dlya conversion functionality vsokogo urovnya means nizkogo urovnya togo devices.

In vvode information to display kran GDI obespechivaet definitive-orientirovannuyu grafiku. to oznachaet, Chto kazhdoe Okno rassmatrivaetsya how otdelynaya province prorisovki. Kogda Program for vpolnyaet in okne prorisovku it koordinat in umolchaniyu ustanavlivayutsya Tac, Chto basis point coordinate (0,0) nahoditsya in verhnem levom uglu klientnoy areas Oknata.

Cromme Togo, drawings automatically otsekayutsya BORDER Oknata. Podobne a mechanism zashtit rabotaet dvustoronne, it is truly meet our v you narisovaty Chto Libo-END sort Oknata us drugaya Program for narisovaty Chto th in Vashem okne.

Standartny definitive orientirovanny-interface

Windows system imeet vstroennuyu podderzhku ryada obyektov polyzovatelyskogo interface: definitive, piktogramm, menu, dialog block and tp

Okno

Okno predstavlyaet Sobol samuyu vazhnuyu chasty

polyzovatelyskogo interface. Ono klyuchevuyu Role of play.

Dlya programmista Okno served dlya organizations cleared obyektov polyzovatelyskogo interface and napravlyaet propagation soobshteniy in sisteme, Okno obespechivaet province krana dlya svyazi with polyzovatelem.

Okno - to samostoyatelyno sushtestvuyushtiy obyekt, options kotorogo opisan in spetsialynh dannh structure and


  












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