-100-130, -

-100-130 120

:

P0 = 12,7 = 130

t0 = 0

t / = 0

/ = =

P = =

P = =

t.. = 0

P0 / = 0.95 P0 = 124

DP =

Pz = 0,0049 + 0,00049 = 0,0054

hoi = 0.85

h0 / = 3245 /

h = /

h1t = /

h2t = /

H0 / = 264 /

H0 // = 1010 /

Hi / = H0 / hoi = 225 /

Hi // = H0 // hoi = 859 /

Dt = (t / -t) / n = (95-35) / 4 = 150C

Dt = (t..-t // ) / n = (248-104) / 3 = 480

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

-

t 300 152 104 95 80 65 50 35

-

t 248 200 152 104 95 80 65 50

h 875 665 455 416 350 284 219 153

h 1085 875 665 455 416 350 284 219

- .

t 255 207 159 104 100 85 70 55

.

h 1116 906 696 455 438 372 306 241

P 4,33 1,8 0,603 0,603 0,101 0,0578 0,0312 0,0157

h 3073 2894 2726 2726 2480 2410 2330 2260

.

a1 (h1 / - h1 //) =

a2 (h2 / + h2 //) + a1 (h1 // - h2 //) = h2 // - h2 /

a3 (h3 / + h3 //) + (a2 + a1) (h2 // - h3 //) = h3 // - h3 /

_

ah + h / a = h- (a1 + a2 + a3) h3 / - (1-

- A1-a2-a3) h

_

a4 (h4-h4 /) = (h / - hIII) (1-a1-a2-a3-a)

a5 (h5-h5 /) + a4 (h4 / -h5 /) = (1-a1-a2-a3-a) (h / III-h / IV)

a6 (h6-h6 /) + (a4 + a5) (h5 / -h6 /) = (1-a1-a2-

a3-a-a4-a5-a6) (hIV- hV)

a7 (h7-h / 7) + (a4 + a5 + a6) (h / 6-h / 7) = (hV-h / ) (1-a1-a2-a3-a4)

G1 = a1G0 = 124,40.107 = 13,3 /

G2 = a2G0 = 124,40,105 = 13,1 /

G3 = a3G0 = 124,40,101 = 12,56 /

G = aG0 = 124,40,0166 = 2,07 /

G4 = a4G0 = 124,40,0275 = 3,42 /

G5 = a5G0 = 124,40,0324 = 4,03 /

G6 = a6G0 = 124,40,0321 = 4,0 /

G7 = a7G0 = 124,40,0326 = 4,06 /

N1 = G0 (h0-h1) hh = 124,4 (3245-3073) 0,990,99 = 20,97

N2 = (G0-G1) (h1-h2) hh = (124,4-13,3) (3073-2894) 0,990,99 = 19,5

N3 = (G0-G1-G2) (h2-h3) hh = (124,4-13,3-13,1) (2894-2726) 0,990,99 = 16,1

N4=(G0-G1-G2-G3-G)(h-h4)hh=(124,4-13,3-13,1-12,56-2,07)(2480-2410)0,990,99=23,13

N5=(G0-G1-G2-G3-G-G4)(h4-h5)hh=(124,4-13,3-13,1-12,56-2,07-3,42)(2410-2330)0,990,99=6,4

N6=(G0-G1-G2-G3-G-G4-G5)(h5-h6)hh=(124,4-13,3-13,1-12,56-2,07-3,42-4,03)(2330-2260)0,990,99=6,9

N7=(G0-G1-G2-G3-G-G4-G5-G6)(h6-h)hh=(124,4-13,3-13,1-12,56-2,07-3,42-4,03-4,0)(2260-2150)0,990,99=5,8

N=(G0-G1-G2-G3-G-G4-G5-G6-G7)(h-h/)hh=(124,4-13,3-13,1-12,56-2,07-3,42-4,03-4,0-4,06)(2150-142)0,990,99=17,4

SN = 116,2

DN = 3.8, = 3,2%

P 0 3,9

t 0

0 400

P 2 3,35

h 0 /

h-s 3218

h 2t / /

h-s 3182

J 0

3 /

h-s 0,078

J 2t /

3 /

h-s 0,088

C 2 0/2 /

70 2/2 2,45

/

h 0 + C 2 0/2 = 3218 + 2,45 3220,45

/

- H 2t / = 3220,45-3182 38,45

d

u / (pn) = 135,3 / (3,1470) 0,6154

u /

(U / c ) c = 0,488277,3 135,3

c /

277,3

(U / c ) -

0,488

/

(1-r) = (1-0,08) 38,45 35,4

H OP /

r = 0,0838,45 3,08

h 1t /

- = 3220,45-35,4 3185,1

J 1t

3 /

0,087

P 1

3,4

C 1t /

266,1

C 1 /

j C 1t = 0,96266,1 255,4

a 1t /

612,9

M 1t -

C 1t / a 1t = 255,4 / 612,9 0,4

F 1

2

0,019

l 1

F 1 / (pdsina) = 0,0189 / (3,140,6154sin14) 0,045

DH c /

(1-j 2) = (1-0,96 2) 35,4 2,78

w 1 /

127,8

b 1

29

w 2t /

150

F 2

2

0,035

l 2

l 1 + (D 1 + D 2) = 0,045 + 0,003 0,048

b 2

24

w 2 /

w 2t y = 1500,94 141

C 2 /

52,1

a 2

95

DH /

1,3

DH /

C 2 2/2 = 52,1 2/2 1,4

E 0 /

38,45-11,4 37,09

h %

89

h , , %

93

2. .

P 0 3,9

t 0

0 400

P 2 3,35

h 0 /

h-s 3218

h 2t / /

h-s 3182

J 0

3 /

h-s 0,078

J 2t

3 /

h-s

0,087

J 2t /

3 /

h-s 0,088

C 2 0/2 /

70 2/2 2,45

/

h 0 + C 2 0/2 = 3218 + 2,45 3220,45

/

- H 2t / = 3220,45-3182 38,45

d

u / (pn) = 135,3 / (3,1470) 0,6154

u /

(U / c ) c = 0,488277,3 135,3

c /

277,3

(U / c ) -

0,488

/

(1-r) = (1-0,08) 38,45 35,4

H OP /

r = 0,0838,45 3,05

h 1t /

- = 3220,45-35,4 3185,1

J 1t

3 /

0,087

P 1

3,4

C 1t /

266,1

C 1 /

j C 1t = 0,96266,1 255,4

a 1t /

612,9

M 1t -

C 1t / a 1t = 255,4 / 612,9 0,4

F 1

2

0,019

l 1

F 1 / (pdsina) = 0,0189 / (3,140,6154sin14) 0,045

DH c /

(1-j 2) = (1-0,96 2) 35,4 2,78

w 1 /

127,8

b 1

29

w 2t /

150

F 2

2

0,035

l 2

l 1 + (D 1 + D 2) = 0,045 + 0,003 0,048

b 2

24

w 2 /

w 2t y = 1500,94 141

C 2 /

52,1

a 2

95

DH /

1,3

DH .. /

C 2 2/2 = 52,1 2/2 1,4

E 0 /

_

0 -c .. D .. = 38,45-11,4 37,09

h %

89

h , , %

89,6

2t = C2t / a2t = 521 / 615.5 = 0.085

- -90-15

_

t = 0,7-0,85

a1 = 140

= 5,15

-35-25

_

t = 0,55-0,65

b = 250

= 2,54

_

t = t = 5,150,8 = 4,12

z = pdl / t = 3.1461,541 / 4,12 = 47

T = pde / z = 3.1461,541 / 47 = 4,12

t = t = 2,540,6 = 1,52

z = pdet = 3.1461,541 / 1,52 = 126

T = pde / z = 3.1461,541 / 126 = 1,53

-100-130 120

:

P0 = 12,7 = 130

t0 = 4550

P = 4,9

t.. = 2480

P0 / = 0.95 P0 = 124

DP =

Pz = 0,0049 + 0,00049 = 0,0054

hoi = 0.85

h0 / = 3245 /

H0 = 1274 /

Hi / = H0 / hoi = 225 /

Hi // = H0 // hoi = 859 /

Dt = (t / -t) / n = (143-35) / 4 = 270C

Dt = (t..-t // ) / n = (248-158) / 3 = 300

1.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

- t 218

188

158

143

116

89

35

- t 248

218

188

158

143

116

62

35

h

913,42

787,72

662,02

599,17

486,04

372,91

146,65

h

1039,12

913,42

787,72

662,02

599,17

486,04

259,78

146,65

- . t

255

225

195

158

148

121

67

. h

1068,45

942,75

817,05

662,02

620,12

507

280,73

P

4,33

2,55

1,4

0,6

0,45

0,21

0,028

0,049

h

3060

2990

2900

2760

2710

2610

2370

2200

.

a1 (h1 / - h1 //) =

a2 (h2 / + h2 //) + a1 (h1 // - h2 //) = h2 // - h2 /

a3 (h3 / + h3 //) + (a2 + a1) (h2 // - h3 //) = h3 // - h3 /

_

ah + h / a = h- (a1 + a2 + a3) h3 / - (1-

- A1-a2-a3) h

_

a4 (h4-h4 /) = (h / - hIII) (1-a1-a2-a3-a)

a5 (h5-h5 /) + a4 (h4 / -h5 /) = (1-a1-a2-a3-a) (h / III-h / IV)

a6 (h6-h6 /) + (a4 + a5) (h5 / -h6 /) = (1-a1-a2-

a3-a-a1) (hIV- hV)

a7 (h7-h / 7) + (a4 + a5 + a6) (h / 6-h / 7) = (hV-h / VI) (1-a1-a2-a3-a-a1-a2)

G1 = G2 = 0,1G0 = 12,44 /

a1 = a2 = G1 / G0 = 0,0978

G1 = a1G0 = 1290,063 = 8,1 /

G2 = a2G0 = 1290,061 = 7,9 /

G3 = a3G0 = 1290,064 = 8,3 /

G = aG0 = 1290,0255 = 3,2 /

G4 = a4G0 = 1290,049 = 6,3 /

G5 = a5G0 = 1290,04 = 5,2 /

G6 = a6G0 = 1290,037 = 4,8 /

G7 = a7G0 = 1290,036 = 4,6 /

N1 = G0 (h0-h1) hh = 129 (3245-3060) 0,990,99 = 23,4

N2 = (G0-G1) (h1-h2) hh = (129-8,1) (3060-2990) 0,990,99 = 9,3

N3 = (G0-G1-G2) (h2-h3) hh = (129-8,1-7,9) (2990-2900) 0,990,99 = 11

N4 = (G0-G1-G2-G3) (h3-h) hh = (129-8,1-7,9-8,3) (2990-2760) 0,990,99 = 24,6

N5 = (G0-G1-G2-G3-G) (h-h4) hh = (129-8,1-7,9-8,3-3,2) (2760-2710) 0,990, 99 = 6

N6 = (G0-G1-G2-G3-G-G4) (h4-h5) hh = (129-8,1-7,9-8,3-3,2-6,3) (2710- 2610) 0,990,99 = 10,3

N7 = ( G0-G1-G2-G3-G-G4-G5)(h5-h6)hh=(129-8,1-7,9-8,3-3,2-6,3-5,2-4,8-12,44)(2505-2370)0,990,99=10,3

N8 = ( G0-G1-G2-G3-G-G4-G5-G6-G1)(h6-h7)hh=(129-8,1-7,9-8,3-3,2-6,3-5,2-4,8-12,44)(2505-2370)0,990,99=10,8

N9 = (G0-G1-G2-G3-G-G4-G5-G6-G1-G7- G2)(h7-h)hh=(129-8,1-7,9-8,3-3,2-6,3-5,2-4,8-12,44-4,6-12,44)(2370-2200)0,990,99=10,5

SN = 116,2

DN = 3,8 = 4,68%

:

: -420-140

: 550

: 230

: 158

: 70

: 2,4

:

: 0

: 0

:

= 5,3

4 = 2,7

2 = 2,1

%

W p

A p

S p

H p

C p

N p

O p

Q p

3

0.1

2.8

10.4

83.0

0.77

0.77

38800

h..

1.1.

q4 = 0.02%

1.2. :

i = t = 0.475100 = 47.5 /

C = 0.415 + 0.0006100 = 0.475

Q = Q + i = 38800 + 47.5 = 38847.5 / = 9271,4 /

a // = 21 / (21-2) = 21 / (21-2,4) = 1,13

a.. = a // + SDai = 1,13 + 0,15 = 1,28

I.. = I0 + (a..-1) I0 = 497 + (1,28-1) 420 = 614.6 /

1.3. :

q5 = = 0,4%

1.4.

:

1.5. :

q6 = 0

1.6. :

h... =

2.

t.. = 5500 t.. = 2300 t = 342,60

h.. = 3459 / h.. = 990,3 / h = 1617 /

= 1 (1-0,01q4) = 7,82 (1-0,010,02) = 7,81 / = 28,11 /

3. :

Sp = Sp / Q = 2,8 / 38,8 = 0,07 % /

= / Q = 0,1 / 38,8 = 0,002 % /

4. .

4.1. .

Q.. = b1 V (a + Da + Da- Da) ((t.. + 273) / 273) (1,01105 / h)

h = 728 ...133,334 = 97042

b1 = 1,1-

Q.. = 1,1 7,81 10,2 (1,13+ 0,1+ 0,06- 0) ((70. + 273) / 273) (1,01105 / 97042) = 147 , 8 3 /

4.2. :

J = 0,9t.. = 0,9158 = 142,20

a = a + Da = 1,28 + 0,1 = 1,38

5. , /

Q.. = (B1Dmax) / r = (1.2116.6) / 834,6 = 0,1676 3 /

r = 1 / J / = 1 / 0.0012 = 834,6 / 3 t.. = 2300

.. = b1 () = 1,1 (16,8106 + 490,5) = 18,5

6. h..

= 4182154,2 /

7. , , 50

t / .. = 5500 + Dt.. = 5550

h / .. = 3477,9 /

B2 = Q. ./ (Qh..) = 292246,4 / (388000,923) = 8,16 / = 29,376 /

Bp = B2 (1-0.01q4) = 8,16 (1-0.010.02) = 8,158 / c = 29,368 /

D = 2-1 = 29,376-28,16 = 1,216 /

D = 2-1 = 29,368-28,11 = 1,258 /


  












³



ij










'












, '






Գ

ϳ
,

,




г















Գ
Գ
Գ
Գ
Գ

ճ



-


8ref.com

© 8ref.com -